- The right vagus nerve passes anterior to the subclavian artery and posterior to the sternoclavicular joint, entering the thorax.
- The left vagus nerve passes inferiorly between the left common carotid and left subclavian arteries, posterior to the sternoclavicular joint, entering the thorax.
- Pharyngeal branches – Provides motor innervation to the majority of the muscles of the pharynx and soft palate.
- Superior laryngeal nerve – Splits into internal and external branches. The external laryngeal nerve innervates the cricothyroid muscle of the larynx. The internal laryngeal provides sensory innervation to the laryngopharynx and superior part of the larynx.
- Recurrent laryngeal nerve (right side only) – Hooks underneath the right subclavian artery, then ascends towards to the larynx. It innervates the majority of the intrinsic muscles of the larynx.
- Left recurrent laryngeal nerve – it hooks under the arch of the aorta, ascending to innervate the majority of the intrinsic muscles of the larynx.
- Cardiac branches – these innervate regulate heart rate and provide visceral sensation to the organ.
- Laryngopharynx – via the internal laryngeal nerve.
- Superior aspect of larynx (above vocal folds) – via the internal laryngeal nerve.
- Heart – via cardiac branches of the vagus nerve.
- Gastro-intestinal tract (up to the splenic flexure) – via the terminal branches of the vagus nerve.
- Superior, middle and inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscles
- Posterior crico-arytenoid
- Lateral crico-arytenoid
- Transverse and oblique arytenoids
I want to remind you that, if you have my Guided Meditation CD, you can pull it out again and listen to the VISIONING guided meditation to set your intentions for the new year.
- Is there someone you are avoiding seeing or speaking to?
- Are you putting off an important health care appointment?
- Where in your life are you procrastinating?
- Are you pushing yourself and avoiding rest?
- What is the last thing you are willing to pay attention to?
This week I thought we might practice calming down the stress in our lives. There is plenty of scary stuff happening in our world and maybe not enough reminders to slow down, breathe deeply, move mindfully and ask for support. Ahhhh… Causes of Stress The flight or fight response in the body is an automatic function designed to help us survive when we are in danger. When every day experiences keep firing the stress response our immune system is impacted, which can lead to fatigue, insomnia, depression and illness. I believe that we always have a choice about how we respond to life. As we move into the fall and winter months, give yourself permission to slow down, nurture yourself with comforting activities and release anything that pulls you off of your center. Activating the Relaxation Response
- Mindfulness of your breath throughout the day
- Meditation, yoga, tai chi, qi gong practice
- Walking, swimming, biking or other exercises
- Asking for support from family and friends
- Tapping while focusing on stressful circumstances
Action: Choose one practice or activity that feels really good to you. Continue for several weeks and see how much calmer and rested you feel. Be patient and gentle with yourself. Ahhhh… Here’s a link to more information for those of you who are interested in the full scoop on this topic: http://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/understanding-the-stress-response This article from Harvard Health also includes terrific information about how to calm the Fight or Flight response and activate the Relaxation Response. Yay!